During reconstruction, the abbey library was housed at the Pontifical Abbey of St Jerome-in-the-City. Site of the Roman town of Casinum, it is best known for its abbey, the first house of the Benedictine Order, having been established by Benedict of Nursia himself around 529. In his earlier setting Benedict "had twice shown complete mastery over his aggressiveness, Benedict is now allowed to use it without restraint in the service of God. During the war, the entire Monte Cassino Hill together with the abbey was part of a more than 160-kilometer long defensive fortification strip, called the Gustav Line. It was the Volsci who first built a citadel on the summit of Monte Cassino. During this time the body of St Benedict was transferred to Fleury, the modern Saint-Benoit-sur-Loire near Orleans, France. On 15 February 1944 the abbey was almost completely destroyed in a series of heavy, American-led air raids. In another story, Satan taunts Benedict and then collapses a wall on a young monk, who is brought back to life by Benedict. So, Montecassino and Benedictines played a great role in the progress of medicine and science in the Middle Ages, and with his life and work St. Benedict himself exercised a fundamental influence on the development of European civilization and culture and helped Europe to emerge from the "dark night of history" that followed the fall of the Roman empire. Monte Cassino, in the province of Lazio, is located 81 miles South of Rome is the site of the ancient Roman town of Casinum, but it is best known for its historic Benedictine Abbey that was a focal point for one the most bloody WWII battles. [21], Another account, however, from Kurowski ("The History of the Fallschirmpanzerkorps Hermann Göring: Soldiers of the Reichsmarschall"), notes that 120 trucks were loaded with monastic assets and art which had been stored there for safekeeping. The entrance to the Liri valley was dominated, then as now, by the great bulk of Monte Cassino which is crowned by an ancient Benedictine monastery. Benedictine monks took care of the sick and wounded there according to Benedict's Rule. Contact us today! Site of the Roman town of Casinum, it is best known for its abbey, the first house of the Benedictine Order, having been established by Benedict of Nursia himself around 529. So in Monte Cassino St. Benedict founded a hospital that is considered today to have been the first in Europe of the new era. Matthew Parker, Monte Cassino. by the Volsci people who held much of central and southern Italy. Of the first monastery almost nothing is known. [18] Until his resignation was accepted by Pope Francis on 12 June 2013, the Territorial Abbot of Monte Cassino was Pietro Vittorelli. The monastery on Monte Cassino served as the main center of Western Christianity for its glory years. Then it rises three miles above it as if its peak tended toward heaven. Benedict's violence against a pagan holy place recalls both Martin's assault against pagan shrines generations before and the Biblical story of conquering Israel entering the Holy Land (see Exodus 34:12–14). Episode guide, trailer, review, preview, cast list and where to stream it on demand, on catch up and download. The Battles for Monte Cassino Then and Now. See all. Its prominent site has always made it an object of strategic importance. Elerent. We ... Grazie Elena, from the bottom of my heart. An Outstanding Book. Today, high on its hill in the beautiful surroundings of the Latin Valley, it is easy to forget that, just seventy-five years ago, the great abbey of Monte Cassino was a hulking ruin. It maintained good relations with the Eastern Church, even receiving patronage from Byzantine emperors. 3 reviews. The second oratory, on the mountain-top, where the pagan altar had stood in the open air, was of the same width but somewhat longer (15.25 meters)."[8]. Home; SHOP; Schedule a guide tour; Mass Hours and general opening hours; Visit Montecassino; Worship. During the Battle of Monte Cassino in the Italian Campaign of World War II (January–May 1944) the Abbey was heavily damaged. The site was sacked by Napoleon's troops in 1799. It’s a good idea to take a day to visit the monastery while taking a tour of other places in Italy. The first one which Benedict built in the temple itself was only twelve meters long and eight wide. Antonio and his team of friendly, dedicated staff will ensure that your dining experience is one to remember! The best and most beautiful campsites on Hvar. By the 13th century, the monastery's decline had set in. The abbey itself however, was not initially utilised by the German troops as part of their fortifications, owing to General Kesselring's regard for the historical monument. Currently, Monte Cassino is part of the Lazio region, through which one of the most important transport routes in Italy passes – the A1 motorway, which is a convenient way of reaching the abbey from both north and south. According to accounts, "Benedict died in the oratory of St. Martin, and was buried in the oratory of St. As Naples is situated on the crossroad of many seaways of Europe, Middle East and Asia, soon the monastery library was one of the richest in Europe. Souvenirs from Prague, or what to buy in Prague? It was such a privilege today to share my passion with your knowledgeable son and the rest of the family. Robert Edsel (2006) is more to the point about German looting. 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