Gladiolus flowers whose original genetic stock came from South Africa, are known to most gardeners around the world. The gladiolus "bulb" is actually a food-storage structure known as a corm. Located at the foot of the Amatola Mountains near Stutterheim in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, the Shire Wild Bulb Nursery lies on the edge of the indigenous afro-montane forest. For best results grow in … Gladiolus A large genus of over 260 species, most South African species occurring in the winter rainfall region. Gladioli growing natively in South Africa were exposed to a dry season. The genus is distributed in Mediterranean Europe, Asia, Tropical Africa and South Africa. Warm golden Starfish Iris (Ferreria crispa) and grapefruit Charming Beauty Hardy Gladiolus bloom in late summer. Figure 2 Development of gladiolus corm . Other Nerines are summer-growing, since that region has good sized mountain ranges, and species such as N. bowdenii , coming from high altitude, will grow in summer and be dormant during the cold winters. Additionally, many wild South African gladiolus species make superb drought-tolerant garden plants...perhaps not showy enough for a funeral spray, but nevertheless, great garden plants. They’re followed by a carpet of colorful pinks and red from Harlequin Flowers (Sparaxis) from early to mid-summer. Sometimes called the sword lily, the most widely used English common name for these plants is simply gladiolus (plural gladioli, gladioluses or sometimes gladiolas). Sometimes called the sword lily, the most widely used English common name for these plants is simply gladiolus (plural gladioli, gladioluses or sometimes gladiolas). The South African Citrus Bulb Collection features a gorgeous array of flowers native to sunny South Africa. Our focus is on indigenous bulbs of the Eastern Cape region, but we also grow a number of winter rainfall species from the Western Cape. It was the function of the corm to maintain the plant while dormant until growth resumed after the spring rains began. While commercial gladiolus breeding intentionally selects plants that will not be winter-hardy, we can thank our lucky stars that this was not the case in some of the early gladiolus hybrids. They are sometimes also named sword lily echoing the botanical name Gladiolus. It is sometimes called the 'sword lily', but is usually called by its generic name (plural gladioli).. sarniensis is from the Cape Province of South Africa, where the climate is Mediterranean with cool rainy winters that are mild, and dry summers. The winter growing species require a sharply drained, slightly acid medium. Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword) is a genus of perennial cormous flowering plants in the iris family (Iridaceae).. The genus occurs in Asia, Mediterranean Europe, South Africa, and tropical Africa. Gladioli originate from hot, dry climates, in South Africa or Mediterranean countries. One of the most well-known genera are the Gladiolus.Members of the genus Gladiolus have been known since Classical times and were considered treasured wildflowers in the Mediterranean and Middle East for thousands of years.The genus name Gladiolus in Latin means … So they require good drainage and plenty of sun. The word gladiolus is a diminutive of gladius , meaning a sword in Latin, the same root giving rise to 'gladiator' the one who uses a sword. The genus is distributed in Mediterranean Europe, Asia, Tropical Africa and South Africa. The Renosterveld of South Africa’s Overberg region is world famous for its extraordinary diversity of bulbs or geophytes. The bulb. Africa and South Africa, are known to most gardeners around the.. 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