A Broad Overview of Criminal Law. Copyright © 2020 Clarifacts Inc. All rights reserved. Prosecutors at different levels of government prosecute different types of crimes. Breaking and/or Entering Carrier Facilities, Civil Action to Restrain Harassment of a Victim or Witness, Conspiracy (in matters under FBI jurisdiction), Conspiracy to Impede or Injure an Officer, Destruction of Aircraft or Motor Vehicles Used in Foreign Commerce, Destruction of Property to Prevent Seizure, Destruction of Records in Federal Investigations and Bankruptcy, Escaping Custody/Escaped Federal Prisoners, Failure to Pay Legal Child Support Obligations, False Statements Relating to Health Care Matters, False Declarations before Grand Jury or Court, False Entries in Records of Interstate Carriers, False Statement to Obtain Unemployment Compensation, Federal Civil Rights Violations (hate crimes, police misconduct), Financial Transactions with Foreign Government, Flight to Avoid Prosecution or Giving Testimony, Fraud Activity in Connection with Electronic Mail, Interference with the Operation of a Satellite, Missile Systems Designed to Destroy Aircraft, Misuse of Visas, Permits, or Other Documents, Murder Committed During Drug-related Drive-by shooting, Murder Committed in Federal Government Facility, Obstructing Examination of Financial Institution, Penalties for Neglect or Refusal to Answer Subpoena. Your Oakland criminal lawyer can mount a rigorous defense, or can work with prosecutors to negotiate a plea agreement to a lesser charge. Tampering with, altering, or removing a vehicle identification number (VIN) is considered a counterfeiting crime. The first federal execution was that of Thomas Bird on June 25, 1790, due to his committing "murder on the high seas". How Long Does a DUI Stay on Your Record in California? In fact, our entire criminal code has become a leviathan unto itself. The federal charges will lead to a federal courtroom with the potential of incarceration in a federal prison. Counterfeiting coins, stamps, postage meter stamps, or money orders is also a federal crime. They can be divided into two main categories, forms of homicide and other violent crimes. The submission of information by a website visitor via chat, email, contact form, text message, or phone call does not create an attorney-client relationship. If you've been charged with a crime in the Bay Area or any of the surrounding counties, call Silver Law Firm today at: Or fill out our online form to schedule a free and confidential consultation. There are local crimes, state crimes, and federal crimes. § 1346). The penalties for a conviction can be a fine, up to five years in prison, or both. In addition, some analysts speculate that he could expand Presidential Pardon Limits. The president appoints U.S. attorneys, who mainly serve as administrators. A counterfeiting charge can result from creating a printing plate, scanning an image of currency with the intent to defraud someone, or possessing a printing plate to forge or counterfeit. This is because they are crimes specifically against the federal government. For example, someone who hunts, destroys a bird’s nest, or interferes with fish breeding in a wildlife sanctuary or refuge can be charged with a federal crime. (Note: the following examples are selected to illustrate the wide range of criminalization that is occurring and so their circumstances differ significantly from each other. If you or a loved one is staring down federal child pornography charges, your first call should be to a seasoned Oakland criminal attorney. The Shepard Byrd Act is the first statute allowing federal criminal prosecution of hate crimes motivated by the victim’s actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity. U.S. attorneys. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. If we limit the data to black males between the ages 20 to 34, 1 in 9 are behind bars. In the United States, a federal crime or federal offense is an act that is made illegal by U.S. federal legislation. Voter Suppression. ph: (510) 995-0000Se Habla Español[email protected]. On the other hand, the U.S. Congress only has authority to pass criminal laws that impact national security, interstate commerce, or where the federal government has an interest. Drug trafficking 2. Learn more about how the president can use this power … The right Oakland criminal lawyer can prevent you from incriminating yourself and can ensure that your life isn’t forever derailed by a long prison sentence and a hefty fine. “Federal crimes” refer specifically to offenses that violate U.S. federal laws. For instance, allegations of illegal campaign activities generated speculation that the president might give Presidential Pardonfor political gain. People facing federal perjury charges have been popping up in the news over the past year or two. Federal law also prohibits creating, obtaining, or selling false citizenship or naturalization papers. Ponzi schemer Bernie Madoff went to prison for stock and securities fraud, but he also pled guilty to mail fraud. In a project that lasted two years, the Department compiled a list of approximately 3,000 criminal offenses. California laws criminalize arson and homicide, but federal law kicks in if the crime is perpetrated against a federal employee or federal law enforcement officer. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. In general, violation of local criminal laws (ordinances) tend be the least severe (an example of a Charlotte criminal law violation is failure to pay a bus fair or Lightrail train fare.) Federal crimes can include: 1. T … Drug trafficking is: 1. In the criminal arena, federal statutes make it a crime to use the mail or wires, such as the telephone, for the purpose of depriving another of the intangible right of honest services (18 U.S.C. There are numerous other offenses that are tried as federal crimes – some of which are familiar and others of which are not – including: Time is of the essence. If a crime is committed on federal property – like a federal building, a national park, an Indian reservation, or in the District of Columbia – then it is under federal jurisdiction. For example, charges brought against those allegedly involved in the recent college admissions scandal included racketeering. Federal Aviation Act; Federal Civil Rights Violations (hate crimes, police misconduct) Female Genital Mutilation; Financial Transactions with Foreign Government; First Degree Murder; Flight to Avoid Prosecution or Giving Testimony; Forced Labor; Forcible Rape; Forgery; Fraud Activity in Connection with Electronic Mail; Fraud Against the Government; Genocide An experienced Alameda County criminal lawyer can fight the charges alleged by the Assistant U.S. Attorney prosecuting your case by challenging the admissibility of evidence and providing alternative scenarios that will plant the seeds of doubt in the minds of jurors. It is a crime even if the activity takes place by a U.S. national outside of the U.S. or on U.S. property outside of the U.S. Nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction – Providing support to nuclear weapons programs or weapons of mass destruction to a foreign terrorist power is a federal crime, Espionage – This can encompass gathering, photographing, or sharing defense information, Explosives – Importing, manufacturing, selling, or buying explosive materials without a license, Threats – Threats to elected officials, as well as extortion and kidnapping threats sent through the U.S. mail, Fraud – Fraudulent transactions originating in banks, credit unions, loan and credit applications, as well as identity theft and computer hacking, Mail – Destroying or stealing mail, or breaking into a mailbox – either the kind where you deposit letters or the kind to which your mail is delivered.

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